<%@LANGUAGE="JAVASCRIPT" CODEPAGE="1252"%> Micklem Bridle Articles



There is no doubt about it... we need to gather our top equestrian brains together and come up with a new design
for the horse's head with six main aims:


1. We need to desensitise the area around the poll.

2. Make the top jaw narrower or the bottom jaw wider so they are both the same width.

3. Move the exit point for the motor and sensory nerves that is just under the cavesson noseband.

4. Fuse and strengthen the delicate ends of the bones at the bottom of the nose where a dropped noseband is usually fitted.

5 (a). Widen the bars of the mouth which are currently shaped like a knife.

5 (b). Change the shape of the lower jaw in order to create more room for the tongue.
With the power of Charles Darwin's expertise on natural selection and using selective breeding it must be possible to do all of the above in the next million years.



However in the short term I know there is an alternative solution that delivers what every rider wants...
a more comfortable horse and improved results. A solution that avoids the current fashion for excessive rasping (floating) of the teeth, which actually shortens the life span of a horse. A solution which avoids the numbing of the facial nerves caused by cranked up cavesson and flash nosebands. A solution which avoids the bruising of the tissue inside the mouth under the noseband. A solution which avoids fracturing the lower nose bones with tight dropped nosebands; and a solution which will prevent excessive pressure on the tongue and bars of the mouth.

The solution is the Micklem bridle. I am embarrassed in some ways to promote it because it is my invention, but if I put my trainer's hat on I know it is simply fantastic and I need to shout this story from the roof tops because so many horses immediately go better in a Micklem bridle. It also is a way of reducing your costs because it also makes a superb lunge cavesson or bitless bridle.
I have to pinch myself in the morning because it is difficult to believe that I have achieved a solution for all these bridle and noseband problems... but it's true and it will probably be the most significant achievement of my life.



With the saying 'a good idea has to give way to a better idea' echoing in my head I set out about 15 years ago with a clean sheet to see if I could come up with an improved design of bridle and noseband. The present version has now been used, tested and refined for the last eleven years. My start point was the skull of the horse, (see photos attached) which means that the The Micklem bridle is truly designed from the inside out, from the shape of the skull itself… in order to avoid pressure on the six areas which consistently cause discomfort with traditional headwear.

discomfort on the poll with all the weight going on one narrow noseband strap...
This is why we have a widened and padded headpiece with no separate uncomfortable noseband strap.

, when looking at the skull of any horse it is obvious that the top jaw is considerably wider than the lower jaw and therefore protrudes… this means that tight, cranked up cavesson nosebands and traditional lunge cavessons can cause huge discomfort and damage to the sensitive tissue inside the mouth, as this tissue becomes sandwiched between the outer edge of the upper jaw teeth on one side and the noseband pressing inwards on the other... This is why we have a drop nose band shape with unique diagonal side pieces avoiding the protruding molars and without any inward pressure.

it is also easy to see how traditional tight flash nosebands and lunge cavessons put pressure on the main motor and sensory nerves, that exit to the outside of the skull at a point just underneath the normal position of the cavesson noseband. Apart from the discomfort this causes the horse it can also numb the nose and lips, and is often the reason horses rub their heads on a foreleg after work. Continual pressure in his area can also damage blood vessels and other tissue, leading to the creation of enlargements due to fibrous tissue... This is why the positioning and fitting of the Micklem Multibridle completely avoids the exit point of the facial nerves and any inward pressure in this area.

, when looking at the skull it is easy to see how delicate and fragile the bones are at the end of the nose, which should never be subjected to the pressure of low fitting nosebands....
This is why we have the front nose piece sitting on the nose higher than a normal dropped noseband.

and most importantly, when looking where the tongue and bit have to fit, at the narrow lower jaw…. and the bars of the mouth which are shaped like a knife, it is obvious why so many horses understandably object to strong pressure on the tongue and bars... This is why we have both a tongue protection system, that takes any extra pressure on the nose, and bitless bridle options that are truly effective and wonderfully comfortable.

The photograph attached shows the skull, the different width of the jaws, the exit point of the nerves and the delicate nose bones. It also shows how the basic Micklem bridle fits. Next time I will explain about the different applications.


The bottom line is that God did not make a horse to be ridden... they just happen to be suitable for this purpose... and God did not design their head with bridles and nosebands in mind. Therefore for me it is a no brainer - instead of just accepting the limitations of modern bridle wear we have to seek new solutions and be brave enough to be different. Let's not just follow the fashion of the day. The results will reward your bravery.
Happy Days.


Grand National fever again last Monday. This time the €250,000 Irish Grand National at Fairyhouse in Co Meath, not far from the famous Dreaper stable which once housed the greatest steeplechaser of all time, Arkle. It was won by the English trained, but Irish bred, Niche Market, brilliantly ridden by 19 year old Harry Skelton. There is a showjumping connection here as Harry is the son of British veteran Nick Skelton, who in recent years came back from serious injury and retirement to be one of the top riders in the world with the bay stallion Arco.


Nick holds the British equestrian high jump record, jumping over 7’7” on Lastic in London in 1978, and has competed at five Olympic Games (most recently in Athens in 2004). He has won ten European Championship Medals, six World Championship Medals, a World Cup Title and over 60 major Grand Prix’ titles. He also triumphed in the Du Maurier at Spruce Meadows on two occasions, a class which awards the highest prize money in show jumping history. I have always followed Nick’s career ever since my brothers John and Charlie started one of Nick’s great horses from the beginning of his International success, the ebullient St James.

The Irish Grand National was a great occasion as usual with 20,000 spectators and a huge television audience. However what I will remember and what produced the added value for me was Nick Skelton’s reaction on welcoming his son back. Such pride and pleasure, such obvious emotion and willingness to show that emotion. Here was a rider who has won over £4 million in prize money and over 1,500 classes yet still retains his love of horses and all that surrounds them, and who has also managed that great trick of keeping a good relationship with his sons.


His gentle touch with his children is mirrored by his gentle touch with his horses. He allows both his children and horses sufficient freedom to get on with the job and take responsibility for what they do. Then when he gallops down to a big vertical at the end of a jump off, leaving out a stride in the process and riding with his trademark loose rein, he knows that his horse is used to standing on their own feet and doing what is required. As he does less his horses do more for him. They have that ‘fifth leg’ I talk about so much, while his boys mirror the famous three legged logo of the Isle of Man, and their motto…’Which ever way you throw me I will stand.’ As I always say, the sign of a good coach (and rider) is not how much they do for their student but how much the student does for themselves.

To arrive at this situation the young person has to be given responsibility and not be afraid of making mistakes, and then learning from these mistakes. Harry Skelton’s victory showed he has learnt his lesson’s well and his horse appreciated the gentle touch. He was given a patient ride with his Dad’s loose rein in evidence as he galloped over the birch fences, faster than a showjumper is ever required to go and upsides all the other horses in the race. The jockeys know that a horse must use their own equine legs to keep their balance. All of which made me think again of the possibility of using a bitless bridle for racing, especially as Nick is a regular user of bitless bridles on his showjumpers.


The Micklem Bridle can be used as a bitless bridle as well a standard bridle… a bitless bridle with three different options according to the needs of your horse:

Firstly there is a separate padded and shaped attachment designed to fit in the curb chain groove and under the bottom strap of the bridle (see photograph). Many horses go really well in this, and it is much kinder than a traditional show jumping bitless bridle, which often causes great pain and damage inside the mouth, including to both the soft tissue and the protruding upper jaw molar teeth.

Secondly, once they get use to this and if I am working in an enclosed arena with a trained horse I often just attach the reins to the main side ring.

The third alternative is a stronger bitless bridle that most horses are very happy in. You add the long bitless strap over the head, through the elastic keeper on the headpiece, cross it behind the jaws and bring out through the side rings, before adding the reins. This has proved to be a great bitless bridle for many horses and we have used it successfully on most of our 15 school horses at the Festina Lente Foundation for the past six months.

Unfortunately and curiously this cross over strap arrangement is patented in the USA by Dr Robert Cook, despite the fact that he admits he didn’t invent it. Therefore in the USA market it cannot be included with the Micklem Multibridle, which is disappointing as it is not in the best interests of the horse. However in the rest of the world we include the cross over strap and in the USA it is easy to add your own strap. I will continue to promote the value of bitless bridles for some, but not all horses, but by preference I prefer well fitting simple bits, even though it may be an uphill struggle to get riders to have soft 'allowing' hands and rein contacts.


Bits are mandatory in pure Dressage and the Dressage section of Eventing so I try to ensure most of my horses are happy with a bit. I start my young horses off on the lunge with the lunge line attached to the ring at the front of the nose, using a bit but with no pressure on the bit, and using my Micklem bridle. Despite it’s light weight it is wonderfully secure and comfortable and avoids all the problems of trying to fit both a bridle and lunge cavesson together or tying to lunge off a traditional bridle. Then when they are quiet in the mouth I introduce side reins, but using the clips so that any accidental extra pressure is taken on the nose rather than the tongue or bars of the mouth. This works wonderfully well. I have yet to find a better lunge cavesson.

You can see it in use as a lunge cavesson on young horses in my book, the DK Complete Horse Riding Manual, and you can also see another type of dropped noseband lunge cavesson in use at the Spanish Riding School in Vienna. So the Micklem Multibridle is also classical, but it is more comfortable as there is no need to use a separate bridle and it just fits better.

The Micklem Multibridle can also be used as a headcollar… just take off the extra bitless bridle attachment or bit and it is a headcollar to use traveling to your competition or during your long distance ride....or with the bit attached the side rings are ideal for cross tying without having to attach the cross ties to the bit itself.


So there is huge added value with the Micklem bridle as it is really 5 pieces of equipment in one and because it helps you do better quality work as the horse is more comfortable. Nick Skelton knows all about the vital importance of doing good quality work in practise rather than establish bad habits with poor quality work. All his young horses go well in the basic work he asks them to do. Therefore he develops good habits which in turn accelerates progress. As Aristotle said, “We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence therefore, is not an act but a habit.”

Nick also knows that making the effort to do things well is really just part of a good attitude to your life, and that a good attitude is more important than anything else. It is about having a passion for life, about friendship, trust and second chances; and about the fighting spirit and mighty spirit that gives Nick and Harry Skelton their winning edge… and gave Arkle his winning edge.
I remember his wonderful winning days so well… such awe inspiring happy days. William